The Work at Height Regulations 2005

Summary of the Work at Height Regulations 2005: Ensuring Safety in Working at Heights

The Work at Height Regulations 2005 were introduced in the United Kingdom to protect workers from the risks associated with working at height. These regulations aim to prevent falls and minimize the potential for accidents and injuries by implementing appropriate safety measures. This summary provides an overview of the key provisions and objectives outlined in the Work at Height Regulations 2005.

Scope and Applicability:

The Work at Height Regulations 2005 apply to all work activities carried out at height where there is a risk of a fall liable to cause personal injury. This includes tasks performed on ladders, scaffolds, rooftops, elevated platforms, and other elevated locations. The regulations apply to employers, self-employed individuals, and employees involved in work at height activities.

Hierarchy of Control Measures:

The regulations emphasize a hierarchy of control measures to manage the risks associated with working at height. The first priority is to avoid work at height whenever possible by using alternative methods or equipment. If working at height is unavoidable, employers must implement measures to prevent falls, such as providing collective protection systems (e.g., guardrails, safety nets) and ensuring the stability of structures and equipment. Personal protective equipment, such as harnesses and lanyards, should only be used as a last resort or as an additional measure.

Risk Assessment and Planning:

Employers are required to conduct a thorough risk assessment before any work at height activity takes place. The assessment should identify potential hazards, evaluate the risks, and determine appropriate control measures. Workers and their representatives should be consulted during the risk assessment process. The findings of the risk assessment should be used to develop a safe system of work and an effective method statement that outlines the procedures and precautions to be followed during the work at height activity.

Competence and Training:

The Work at Height Regulations highlight the importance of competence and training for those involved in work at height. Employers must ensure that individuals who perform work at height tasks are competent and have received adequate training. This includes training on the safe use of equipment, understanding of potential hazards, and knowledge of relevant safety procedures. Regular refresher training should be provided to maintain competence.

Inspection and Maintenance:

Employers have a responsibility to ensure that all equipment used for work at height, such as ladders, scaffolds, and harnesses, is inspected regularly and maintained in a safe condition. Inspections should be carried out by competent individuals, and any defects or faults must be promptly addressed. Records of inspections and maintenance activities should be kept to demonstrate compliance.

Enforcement and Penalties:

The enforcement of the Work at Height Regulations is carried out by regulatory authorities responsible for health and safety in the workplace. Failure to comply with the regulations can result in enforcement actions, including improvement notices, prohibition notices, or prosecutions. Non-compliance with the regulations can lead to accidents, injuries, and potential legal liabilities.


The Work at Height Regulations 2005 play a crucial role in ensuring the safety of workers involved in tasks performed at height. By implementing risk assessments, control measures, and appropriate training, these regulations aim to prevent falls and minimize the associated risks. Compliance with the Work at Height Regulations is essential to create a safe working environment, protect workers from accidents, and promote a culture of safety in all work activities performed at height.

Are you looking for Health and Safety Law training?

This course provides delegates with a thorough understanding of the health & safety issues associated with the day-to-day maintenance of buildings and associated facilities, plant and equipment. The course will also cover the management of contractors carrying out maintenance work.